Mattress Sizes

Updated: January 1, 2020

By: Ryan Fiorenzi Certified Sleep Coach

What Size Mattress Do You Need?

Choosing a mattress size depends on several factors:

  • Number of people/pets—if you have a partner, pets, or children, you're going to need more space.
  • Room size—you may want a large mattress, but it's a good idea to know the dimensions of your room to have room for a side table or two, room for your bed frame, and for clearance to walk around the bed.
  • Height and weight—small mattresses can be uncomfortable for large people. Make sure you have at least a little space above your head and below your feet, and enough room on your sides that you don't feel cramped.
  • Movement—if you move a lot, especially if you flail your arm and extend your legs to the sides, you'll want extra space, especially if you sleep with a partner.
  • Budget—larger mattresses are more expensive.
  • Softness/Support—side sleepers often need more support compared to back and stomach sleepers. Softer mattresses tend to reduce motion transfer.
  • Coolness—it's recommended that you sleep in a cooler environment for a more restful sleep, and some mattresses are better at not retaining and reflecting your body heat back to you.

Planning Ahead

When deciding what size mattress to buy, there are a few things to keep in mind other than those listed above.

Smaller mattresses are easier to move. The average life of a mattress is around 8 years, so if you know you're going to be moving within that time, understand that larger mattresses are more difficult to move, especially if they're foam mattresses.

Your children will grow. If you and your spouse are tall, and you buy your 11-year-old a twin or a double mattress, they may outgrow their mattress when they hit puberty.

What Are the Dimensions of All Mattresses?

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MATTRESS SIZE DIMENSIONS BEST FOR RECOMMENDED MINIMUM
ROOM SIZE
Twin/Single 38" X 75" 1 adult under 6' 7' X 10'
Twin XL/Single XL 38" X 80" 1 adult under 6'5" 7' X 10'5"
Full/Double 54" X 75" 2 adults under 6' or 1 adult + 1 pet 9'6" X 10'6"
Queen 60" X 80" 2 adults under 6'3" or 1 adult + 1 pet 10' X 10'
King 76" X 80" 2 adults under 6'3" + large pet or child 12' X 12'
California King 72" X 84" 2 adults under 6'9" + 1 large pet or child or 1 adults + 2 children or multiple pets 12' X 12'
Wyoming King/Alberta King 96" X 96" Multiple adults + children or pets 13' X 13'
Alaska King 108" X 108" Multiple adults + children or pets 14' X 14'
Crib/Toddler Mattress 28" X 52" 1 toddler or infant NA

Twin/Single

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  • 38" X 75"
  • Recommended minimum room size: 7' X 10'

The Twin mattress, also known as a Single, is best for:

  • Most teenagers and people under 6'
  • Bunk beds
  • Smaller rooms

Twin XL/Single XL

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  • 38" X 80"
  • Recommended minimum room size: 7' X 10'

The Twin XL mattress, also known as a Single XL, is best for:

  • Most teenagers and people under 6'5"
  • College dorm rooms (the most common size)

Full/Double

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  • 54" X 75"
  • Recommended minimum room size: 10' X 10'

The full mattress, also known as a double, is best for:

  • 2 smaller people under 6', or people that don't mind cuddling
  • 2 children

Queen

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  • 60" X 80"
  • Recommended minimum room size: 10' X 10'

The queen is the most popular mattress in the US and is best for:

  • Someone who needs more width and more height than a Full
  • Couples under 6'5"
  • Guest bedrooms

Olympic Queen

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  • 66" X 80"
  • Recommended minimum room size: 10' X 10'

The Olympic Queen isn't a standard size, so you won't be able to find it easily. It's best for:

  • Someone who needs a little more width than a Queen, which is 5" narrower
  • Couples under 6'5"
  • Guest bedrooms

King

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  • 76" X 80"
  • Recommended minimum room size: 12' X 12'

The King is the widest of the most common mattresses and is the same size as 2 Twin XL mattresses put together. If you have an adjustable bed where each partner can adjust their side independently, it will be 2 individual twin XL mattresses. The King is best for couples under 6'5" who need a lot of room for sleeping, or for couples who need space for animals or a child

California King

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  • 72" X 84"
  • Recommended minimum room size: 12' X 12'

The California King is 4" longer than a standard King but is 4" narrower. It's best for tall people who don't need as much room width-wise as they would have with the King.

Wyoming King/Alberta King

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  • 96" X 96"
  • Recommended minimum room size: 13' X 13'

The Wyoming King is not a standard size mattress. At 8' X 8', it will fit multiple adults, pets, and children, but it's going to be more difficult to find sheets and bedding for this size bed. You'll also need a custom-made bed frame.

Alaska King

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  • 108" X 108"
  • Recommended minimum room size: 14' X 14'

The Alaska King is similar to the Wyoming King, but 1 foot taller and 1 foot wider, measuring 9' X 9'. It will fit multiple adults, pets, and children, but it's going to be more difficult to find sheets and bedding for this size bed. You'll also need a custom-made bed frame.

Crib/Toddler Mattress

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  • 28" X 52"
  • Recommended minimum room size: can fit in any room

The crib mattress is only for infants and toddlers less than 3' tall. You'll know when it's time to move to a bigger bed when they start getting cramped in their crib, or when they start climbing out.

Mattress Thickness

Mattresses vary in thickness from 6"-18". The thicker mattresses are more expensive and often offer more support because have more and thicker layers. Most mattresses have between 2 and 5 layers.

The top 1-2 layers are usually the comfort layer to make the mattress softer. These may include a cover and a pillow top made of foam or a foam/gel combination. These layers are responsible for a feeling of softness, but also play a big role in motion transfer and heat transfer. The thicker these layers are, the softer the mattress will feel. And for larger people, a thicker comfort layer is usually recommended as their weight will compress the foam of a thinner mattress until they feel the firmer support layer below, which may be uncomfortable. These top layers should be at least 2" thick, though many sleepers prefer an even thicker top.

The next layers are support layers that help keep your spine in alignment. If a mattress only had a comfort layer, the soft material would compress and you would feel the hard surface of the surface below, which would be uncomfortable. Most mattresses sit on a box spring, slatted base, or platform. The support layers compress and prevent you from feeling the surface that your mattress is sitting on, and are usually at least 4" thick. If you're placing your mattress directly on the floor, it's recommended to get at least 12" thick, as the floor won't give at all, as opposed to a box spring which will compress.

Thicker mattresses, especially in the foundation layer, may last longer because they keep their shape. This is why thicker mattresses often have longer warranties. If the foundation layer bends, the mattress will sag, usually in the middle or in the middle of your side of the bed, creating valleys in your mattress that you fall into and can be hard to pull yourself out of. These sagging areas in a mattress are a sign that you need to buy a new mattress.

Side sleepers also tend to need a thicker mattress because their weight is distributed mainly in their hips and shoulders, as opposed to a back or stomach sleeper that more evenly distributes their weight across their entire body. If you put your hand on a mattress and were able to put all of your weight on that one hand, you would compress the mattress more because all of your weight is in one spot. When you lay all of your body on a mattress, the weight is spread out and doesn't compress the mattress as much.

A thicker mattress will have less motion transfer than a thinner mattress of the same material.

A drawback of thicker foam mattresses is that they tend to get hot throughout the night. In a box spring mattress, the heat dissipates into the large empty spaces in the mattresses. In cheaper foam mattresses, the heat has nowhere to go and gets radiated back to the sleeper. Higher quality mattresses reduce or prevent this by adding gel to the foam, using an egg crate design, or use open-cell foam.

When buying bedding for your mattress, make sure that it will fit your mattress. If you have a sheet that's too thick, it may bunch up and slip, or if it's too thin, it won't hold on your mattress. Look for a depth of 2" deeper than your mattress width.

Bed Height

A drawback of a thicker mattress is that it can make it harder to get into bed. If you have any mobility issues, you don't want to have to jump to get yourself into bed. If this applies to you, measure the height of everything you have below your mattress to see what size of a mattress you need. In total, you probably won't want a total of more than 22", which is the height of most chairs.

If you need a thicker mattress, you may be able to buy a smaller or shorter foundation for your mattress, depending on the size of your current setup.

Notes on Buying Non-Standard Mattresses

Keep in mind that if you're planning on buying a less common mattress size may present some problems. Finding bedding will be more difficult. If you're walking through a retail store and find a comforter that you like, it won't come in a Wyoming or Alaska King size. You'll probably also need a custom-made bed frame, which will be more expensive and may take a few weeks to months to build, stain, and ship.

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